Gurmukhī (Punjabi: ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ, IPA: [ˈɡʊɾmʊkʰiː]) is a Sikh script modified, standardized and used by the second Sikh guru, Guru Angad (1504–1552). Gurmukhi is used in the state of Punjab as the official script of the Punjabi language, a language that is also written in Perso-Arabic Shahmukhi script. The primary scripture of Sikhism, Guru Granth Sahib is written in Gurmukhī, in various dialects often subsumed under the generic title Sant Bhasha, or saint language. Modern Gurmukhī has thirty-five original letters plus six additional consonants, nine vowel diacritics, two diacritics for nasal sounds, one diacritic that geminates consonants, and three subscript characters.


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