Albert Camus (/kæˈmuː/; French: [albɛʁ kamy] (listen); 7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 44 in 1957, the second youngest recipient in history. Camus was born in Algeria from poor French parents, he was a pied-noir He spent his childhood in a poor neighbourhood and later he studied philosophy at University of Algiers. He was in Paris when Germans invaded France. Camus tried to flee but finally joined the Resistance where he served as editor-in-chief at Combat, an outlawed newspaper. After World War II he was a celebrity figure and gave many lectures around the world. He married twice but had many extramarital affairs. Camus was politically active, he was part of the Left that was opposing the Soviet Union because of its totalitarianism. Camus was a moralist and was leaning towards anarcho-syndicalism. He took part in many organizations seeking European integration. During the Algerian War, he kept a neutral stance advocating for a multicultural and pluralistic Algeria, a position that caused controversy and was rejected by most parties. Philosophically, Camus views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. Camus is also considered to be an existentialist despite his having firmly rejected the term through his lifetime.
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